Nanotechnology is a mysterious subject. Although we have been using it in our daily lives but little do we know the actual usage. It is something that we cannot see with our naked eyes or the presence of which we are even not aware of. However, nanotechnology is being extensively used in the field of medicine, consumer products, and food industry.
There are several other fields where this technology is being used but very few are actually aware of. In fact, so powerful is the concept that it has not been fully tapped into and still requires extensive research. So, the application we see these days is only a fraction of what we have utilized of nanotechnology. The subject is still being extensively studies and its varied applications are still being assessed.
Few of the areas where this technology is being utilized widely include the following-
Research is underway in which scientists are trying hard to develop particles that will carry drugs directly to the cells that are diseased. This development will particularly benefit the patients that undergo chemotherapy in which even the healthy cells in the human body are killed. The incidence of this damage will greatly be reduced.
Nanotechnology is also used to enhance the performance of electronic devices simultaneously minimizing the consumption of power.
- Food processing industry
Right from the time any food is developed or grown to the time it is packaged, nanotechnology has played an instrumental role in this field. Thoughts are underway also to prepare healthy food products and increase its nutritional value with the help of this technology.
- Solar generated cells
It has been observed that conventional solar energy is expensive as compared to solar cells. As such companies are planning to develop nanotechnology driven solar cells that will cost less and can be used for various purposes.
- Fuel generated cells
Fuel cells are used in the production of hydrogen ions. And in the production catalysts are used. With the help of nanotechnology, efforts are being made to reduce the cost of catalysts that are used in the production of hydrogen ions with fuel cells.
Research is underway in which scientists are trying hard to develop spaceship so that human beings are able to travel to space in future. This will make space flight easier and attainable.
- Quality of Air
In order to get better air quality, nanotechnology is being used these days. This technology is utilized in improving the performance of catalysts that are made use of in the transformation of vapors given out by industrial plants and vehicles and convert them into less harmful gases.
- Chemical sensors
Small amount of vapors can be detected by sensors that are enabled by nanotechnology. Elements that are used in nanotechnology enabled sensors include zinc oxide nano wires, palladium nano particles, and carbon nanotubes.
The above instances indicate that nanotechnology is already being used in a number of areas and we are already reaping the benefits of the same.